29 Aug

Modafinil in the News: August 2016

Once again modafinil.co.uk brings you a roundup of the latest stories involving modafinil. In this edition we talk about rumors regarding the probable future president of the United States, disqualified Olympians, and Nootropic startups in Silicon Valley

Olympic athletes affected by Modafinil

A while back this blog talked about athletes who took modafinil and were banned from their sport for doing so. This was even an issue with e-sports, or competitive video gaming. While one of the players we talked about is wearing a gold medal, another one had to sit at home during the Rio 2016 Olympic Games. Diana Taurasi, a prominent female basketball player for the USA, was suspended for using modafinil in 2011. Since then, however, she’s maintained a clean system since then and was able to participate in this year’s Olympics. The result? A gold freaking medal! The US women’s basketball team is a force to be reckoned with, thanks in large part to Taurasi’s contributions.

Unfortunately for female Mexican fencing expert Paola Pliego, a positive test for modafinil made it impossible for her to attend the Olympic games this summer. She didn’t outright question the tests, but denied responsibility claiming that any violation of the rules was unintentional. The Mexican team placed 7th in the Olympics, and you can’t help but wonder if Paola’s absence cost them a place at the podium.

Silicon Valley embraces Nootropics

Startups are common in Silicon Valley, and many of them fade out within a year of opening business. But Nootropic subscription services Nootrobox and Nootroo appeal to the progressive demographics there. They offer plans where boxes of pills are shipped to you monthly, in what are called “stacks”. Some stacks are geared for concentration, others for alertness, some for mood and still more for staying awake. They use a variety of compounds, some FDA approved and some not.

Subscribers call themselves “biohackers”, and they not only consume but promote the use of nootropics to reach one’s full potential.

Presidential Candidate Hillary Clinton and Modafinil

Hundreds of Hillary Clinton’s emails were leaked to the press this month, and more continue to trickle in. As is typical in the US election cycle, every potential shred of information is analyzed by individuals, the press, and opponents. The Republican side of the aisle has questioned Hillary’s health after an email showed one of her aides investigated modafinil for her.

Modafinil is approved to treat sleepiness caused by Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s disease. Hillary Clinton has at no point in time been diagnosed with either of these conditions and it seems the reaction is considerably overblown.

Whether she took modafinil or not is questionable, but the email highlighted its use in the military for helping pilots stay awake for 24 hours or more.

In her role as Secretary of State, it’s not unusual to have to fly across the world at a moment’s notice to solve a crisis. The world’s issues don’t pause so that you can take a nap. Perhaps her aide was simply trying to keep the foreign policy potentate running at 100%.

It almost makes you wonder if a crisis has been averted by a single pill. We’ll never know, but the fact that the probable future president of the United States knows about modafinil means you probably should too.

That’s all the news for now. As always Modafinil.co.uk will keep you posted of the latest developments in the modafinil world.

16 May

Are ‘Smart Drugs’ Cheating?

Cheating in school or university takes many forms. You probably think of leaning over someone’s shoulder to see their answers to copy them onto your paper, or maybe you scribbled some formulas on your hand or under your sleeve for a math exam. Or maybe you just simply copied your friend’s homework first thing in the morning. Copy-pasting from the internet to finish an essay on time is another example.

64% of students have admitted to cheating on a test and a whopping 95% said they’d cheated at some time or another. As there is increased pressure on students to get good grades and an ever-increasing quantity of work to do, it’s no wonder why students feel the need to cheat.

I think all of those reading would agree that the methods I mentioned above qualify as cheating, although viewpoints vary on whether that’s morally acceptable or not. But are smart drugs cheating? Is taking a pill to boost your mental performance a violation of some sort of ethical code? This question is hard to answer because of its novelty. It’s practically the plot of a science-fiction story, yet here we are in 2016 talking about the ethics of nootropics.

The Steroid Argument

A very solid parallel can be made between the heyday of homeruns and broken records in 1990s baseball and the modafinil market today. As everyone suspected and later confirmed, many of the legends of baseball were using steroids to enhance their physical performance. Those balls didn’t crush themselves out of the park. Most sports ban a large number of substances, modafinil included. This is in an attempt to keep the sport “pure” and “honest”.

Modafinil then, it’s been argued, is steroids for your brain and thus is a form of cheating. Except this completely ignores the fact that education and athletics are two completely different arenas. I consider steroid use in sports an affront because in professional sports the physical differences between one athlete and another are rather slim. Tenths of a second make the difference between a first round draft pick and a 3rd rounder in the NFL or NBA. Steroids or performance enhancing drugs can more than make up for that slim difference and catapult a player beyond his capacity.

It doesn’t hold up for modafinil because in education there is little to no selection process. At the high school level it’s a complete free-for-all. Students aren’t separated into groups according to their mental athleticism, they’re grouped by age. Even in university where students must meet entry requirements, large groups of students are clumped together, both the adept and the struggling alike, and often students take courses outside their main interests that require skills which they haven’t developed.

The other huge disparity in this comparison is that in sports there can only be one winner, one champion, and the rest are ranked objectively lower. This doesn’t occur in academia. Two people can have perfect marks, and the grading is in many fields subjective. If your enhancement doesn’t detract from another person’s results, it doesn’t do any harm to anyone else.

The Ethical Argument

Is cheating wrong in the first place? Either 95% of people have no morals or the system is so powerful that it overwhelms their morals. Perhaps it’s a bit of both. However, cheating in education simply doesn’t cause harm to other people, and thus it’s ethically justifiable as something a person must do to keep up. Considering the abundant workloads of students today it’s understandable that they may need to take shortcuts to avoid falling off the map. We should be asking why there’s a system in place that overloads students to the point of causing ethically questionable situations.

So, are smart drugs cheating?

As far as using modafinil and other nootropics, it’s this author’s opinion that taking a smart drug is cheating, but that’s not a bad thing. You’re cheating your nature and harnessing the greatest advancements human society has put together. That, I feel, is why we’re all cheaters. You cheated when you took your car instead of walking to work. You cheat when you Google something instead of going to the library for a book. You cheat when you call someone instead of finding them in person for a conversation. We all cheat on the backs of the innovations made by people before us. Modafinil is no exception to that process.

So take your pill and leave your guilt behind.

30 Nov

What is the Maximum dosage of Modafinil?

Modafinil is basically a medicated nootropic which has ultimately helped in various spheres of life. It was originally developed by a French neurophysiologist, Michel Jouvet, along with Lafon Laboratories, and was eventually approved in the United States in 1998 with the name Provigil. Naturally, a product that massively reduces the need for sleep (a couple of hours per night are apparently more than sufficient), enhances productivity and improves working memory.

Modafinil was primarily developed as a drug to treat narcolepsy. Narcolepsy is a common disease, whereby the patients fall asleep randomly during the day. However, Modafinil allows a person to remain awake for longer periods. This is an agent which promotes wakefulness and is especially used for the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea, shift work sleep disorder, excessive daytime sleepiness and narcolepsy. In spite of scoring less in the wakefulness criteria other than coffee and amphetamine, Modafinil is widely used for many other purposes.

Unfortunately, there are many discussion forums, and chat rooms, whereby one finds several self-administration studies, that suggest that the drug has some addictive effects, and long term usage of the drug might lead to sleeping disorder. However, there is no clear evidence, that suggests that Modafinil is as addictive as cocaine, and today it is largely consumed by the students, entrepreneurs or artists, for the powerful cognitive effects. Furthermore, since it is mostly consumed in the form of a pill, there are fewer chances of developing addiction.

Stay Awake With Modafinil Without Any Side Effects:

EEG studies indicate that Modafinil, amphetamine and caffeine are all said to be theta wave reducing, but only modafinil possess the Alpha wave promotion during wakefulness as well as a theta wave. This is why it is better than the other two. The alertness is aroused mainly because of the presence of this in modafinil and hence, is consumed by a large number of people. However, it is ideally recommended to consume the smart drug in an appropriate amount to achieve desirable results, without any ill effects.

Normal Dosage Of Modafinil:

Observations and several researchers have made clear that the normal and healthy individuals, tested between the ages of 30-44, have shown great improvement in overall alertness and mood when they took Modanifil in a proper and controlled manner. Many of the volunteers have also reported immense mental clarity where their focus and attentiveness drastically improved after they were made to consume Modafinil.

The adult dosage for modafinil is usually 200 mg, once, daily in the morning and must be taken one hour before work. An individual can take it to a maximum of about 400 mg in a single day, but not more than that. It is never advisable for children below the age of 16 years because it may have some adverse effects on them.


The effectiveness of modafinil in the long-term does not exist for more than a time period of 9 weeks. There should be a balance between the maximum and minimum intake of modafinil. Dosage adjustment should be considered for concomitant medications that are substrates for triazolam and cyclosporine. Sometimes people use it for easy esacpes too, especially students.

In  paediatric and elderly patients, elimination of modafinil and its metabolites may be reduced as an effect of aging. Therefore, preference should be given to the use of lower doses in elderly patients and most importantly, inspite of all such limitations, one must always consider confirming with a physician before depending on the nootropic.