29 Jun

Will Smart Drugs Change the World?

Will Smart Drugs like Modafinil Change the World?

When computers began to appear in the workplace, people imagined a world where your 8 hours of work could be done in just one or two, and we would live in a utopia with free time to spend on whatever we wanted. We got the work done faster, but that just meant that we were more productive. Companies squeezed more out of us and with the internet global GDP soared.

Smart drugs present a similar possibility: Could they change our working world?

What could smart drugs change about us?

Smart drugs like modafinil have the potential to increase our cognitive abilities. As recent studies have shown, modafinil is completely safe and DOES in fact improve your mental processes. Also, considering that modafinil sharpens your focus, you can get more done in less time.

I see this in my daily life as I use modafinil. When I have to make a complicated Excel chart I get more done in less time, and the work is of higher quality because I focus on details and produce a more perfect product. Same goes for reviewing documents in the office. I can stare at a stack of papers and not feel the dread I normally do, and I get distracted less frequently.

So modafinil, and perhaps other smart drugs still to come, could make us more productive.

What happens when smart drugs make us productive?

Historically speaking, whenever workers are made more productive by technology, employers still expect them to work the same amount of hours. Farmers with large tractors simply cleared more land than before, instead of clearing the same amount and taking a nap. Factory workers produced more parts with machines than by hand, but still put in an 8 hour shift. And you now can communicate instantly with the internet, instead of phone calls and answering letters with a typewriter. So you communicate more.

In fact, technology has increased our working hours as more people can take their work home with them.

The trend would likely continue: Companies will expect you to become more productive as you show that you can consistently produce more in less time.

How would this happen?

I don’t want to scare you with a portrait of a dystopia where companies hand out pills every morning. This isn’t Aldous Huxley’s Brave New World. Instead, I think the competition would come from one another. We already see this in universities: Students compete for the top position in their class and turn to smart drugs to give them an advantage.

And we see this in sports every day, just look at the MLB steroid scandals of the 90s. Players took steroids because other players took them. They needed to compete.

What happens when this generation of smart drug users enters the workplace? Will they stop looking for an advantage? Probably not.

And now you can easily imagine a world in which we all need to take a pill just to stay competitive and avoid being made redundant.

Will Modafinil Change how we Work?

In some fields, we might see modafinil being taken like candy. The lawyer who has to pore over documents would benefit, as would the entrepreneur. A programmer who can stay up all night would have an advantage too. But creative jobs probably won’t be taking modafinil any time soon as there are no reports of modafinil stimulating creativity.

So the answer depends on your line of work. See what your co-workers are doing. And if nobody is doing yet, maybe you should start the trend.

16 May

Are ‘Smart Drugs’ Cheating?

Cheating in school or university takes many forms. You probably think of leaning over someone’s shoulder to see their answers to copy them onto your paper, or maybe you scribbled some formulas on your hand or under your sleeve for a math exam. Or maybe you just simply copied your friend’s homework first thing in the morning. Copy-pasting from the internet to finish an essay on time is another example.

64% of students have admitted to cheating on a test and a whopping 95% said they’d cheated at some time or another. As there is increased pressure on students to get good grades and an ever-increasing quantity of work to do, it’s no wonder why students feel the need to cheat.

I think all of those reading would agree that the methods I mentioned above qualify as cheating, although viewpoints vary on whether that’s morally acceptable or not. But are smart drugs cheating? Is taking a pill to boost your mental performance a violation of some sort of ethical code? This question is hard to answer because of its novelty. It’s practically the plot of a science-fiction story, yet here we are in 2016 talking about the ethics of nootropics.

The Steroid Argument

A very solid parallel can be made between the heyday of homeruns and broken records in 1990s baseball and the modafinil market today. As everyone suspected and later confirmed, many of the legends of baseball were using steroids to enhance their physical performance. Those balls didn’t crush themselves out of the park. Most sports ban a large number of substances, modafinil included. This is in an attempt to keep the sport “pure” and “honest”.

Modafinil then, it’s been argued, is steroids for your brain and thus is a form of cheating. Except this completely ignores the fact that education and athletics are two completely different arenas. I consider steroid use in sports an affront because in professional sports the physical differences between one athlete and another are rather slim. Tenths of a second make the difference between a first round draft pick and a 3rd rounder in the NFL or NBA. Steroids or performance enhancing drugs can more than make up for that slim difference and catapult a player beyond his capacity.

It doesn’t hold up for modafinil because in education there is little to no selection process. At the high school level it’s a complete free-for-all. Students aren’t separated into groups according to their mental athleticism, they’re grouped by age. Even in university where students must meet entry requirements, large groups of students are clumped together, both the adept and the struggling alike, and often students take courses outside their main interests that require skills which they haven’t developed.

The other huge disparity in this comparison is that in sports there can only be one winner, one champion, and the rest are ranked objectively lower. This doesn’t occur in academia. Two people can have perfect marks, and the grading is in many fields subjective. If your enhancement doesn’t detract from another person’s results, it doesn’t do any harm to anyone else.

The Ethical Argument

Is cheating wrong in the first place? Either 95% of people have no morals or the system is so powerful that it overwhelms their morals. Perhaps it’s a bit of both. However, cheating in education simply doesn’t cause harm to other people, and thus it’s ethically justifiable as something a person must do to keep up. Considering the abundant workloads of students today it’s understandable that they may need to take shortcuts to avoid falling off the map. We should be asking why there’s a system in place that overloads students to the point of causing ethically questionable situations.

So, are smart drugs cheating?

As far as using modafinil and other nootropics, it’s this author’s opinion that taking a smart drug is cheating, but that’s not a bad thing. You’re cheating your nature and harnessing the greatest advancements human society has put together. That, I feel, is why we’re all cheaters. You cheated when you took your car instead of walking to work. You cheat when you Google something instead of going to the library for a book. You cheat when you call someone instead of finding them in person for a conversation. We all cheat on the backs of the innovations made by people before us. Modafinil is no exception to that process.

So take your pill and leave your guilt behind.

30 Nov

What is the Maximum dosage of Modafinil?

Modafinil is basically a medicated nootropic which has ultimately helped in various spheres of life. It was originally developed by a French neurophysiologist, Michel Jouvet, along with Lafon Laboratories, and was eventually approved in the United States in 1998 with the name Provigil. Naturally, a product that massively reduces the need for sleep (a couple of hours per night are apparently more than sufficient), enhances productivity and improves working memory.

Modafinil was primarily developed as a drug to treat narcolepsy. Narcolepsy is a common disease, whereby the patients fall asleep randomly during the day. However, Modafinil allows a person to remain awake for longer periods. This is an agent which promotes wakefulness and is especially used for the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea, shift work sleep disorder, excessive daytime sleepiness and narcolepsy. In spite of scoring less in the wakefulness criteria other than coffee and amphetamine, Modafinil is widely used for many other purposes.

Unfortunately, there are many discussion forums, and chat rooms, whereby one finds several self-administration studies, that suggest that the drug has some addictive effects, and long term usage of the drug might lead to sleeping disorder. However, there is no clear evidence, that suggests that Modafinil is as addictive as cocaine, and today it is largely consumed by the students, entrepreneurs or artists, for the powerful cognitive effects. Furthermore, since it is mostly consumed in the form of a pill, there are fewer chances of developing addiction.

Stay Awake With Modafinil Without Any Side Effects:

EEG studies indicate that Modafinil, amphetamine and caffeine are all said to be theta wave reducing, but only modafinil possess the Alpha wave promotion during wakefulness as well as a theta wave. This is why it is better than the other two. The alertness is aroused mainly because of the presence of this in modafinil and hence, is consumed by a large number of people. However, it is ideally recommended to consume the smart drug in an appropriate amount to achieve desirable results, without any ill effects.

Normal Dosage Of Modafinil:

Observations and several researchers have made clear that the normal and healthy individuals, tested between the ages of 30-44, have shown great improvement in overall alertness and mood when they took Modanifil in a proper and controlled manner. Many of the volunteers have also reported immense mental clarity where their focus and attentiveness drastically improved after they were made to consume Modafinil.

The adult dosage for modafinil is usually 200 mg, once, daily in the morning and must be taken one hour before work. An individual can take it to a maximum of about 400 mg in a single day, but not more than that. It is never advisable for children below the age of 16 years because it may have some adverse effects on them.


The effectiveness of modafinil in the long-term does not exist for more than a time period of 9 weeks. There should be a balance between the maximum and minimum intake of modafinil. Dosage adjustment should be considered for concomitant medications that are substrates for triazolam and cyclosporine. Sometimes people use it for easy esacpes too, especially students.

In  paediatric and elderly patients, elimination of modafinil and its metabolites may be reduced as an effect of aging. Therefore, preference should be given to the use of lower doses in elderly patients and most importantly, inspite of all such limitations, one must always consider confirming with a physician before depending on the nootropic.


29 Nov

Why exactly is Modafinil so popular?

Modafinil, also known as eugeroic, a wakefulness promoting agent, is approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), United States of America. This drug is most commonly used for disorders such as narcolepsy and disorders of staying awake, excessive daytime disorders, and obstructive sleep apnea. This is a non-addictive drug, which is even used by students and often recommended by physicians. This drug is also known as “daffy”. Modafinil does not ordinarily work as caffeine or red bull or any type of energy boosting drink. This drug helps in improving memory and rapidly increases the efficiency and work energy of the person consuming the drug.

Scientists have declared this to be a wonder drug for students. This not only helps in gaining concentration and promotes wakefulness among students, but is also used by the army, not only that, the drug has proven to be non addictive.

Modafinil can do Wonders:

This drug is commonly known as the wonder drug. There are false rumors about making the person reach his or her highest goal, instead; this drug actually helps in accelerating the efficiency, and metabolism. A student or person taking it experiences a boost in the energy levels of his or her body as the drug relieves them from laziness and lethargy. This drug does not make one clever or smart, but allows them to live up to their utmost level of efficiency.

This drug increases the level of concentration in a student and allows him or her to focus and read and take notes for hours meticulously. This drug will provide such a boost in energy that the student or whosoever takes it, works enthusiastically and without stopping. The only time the concentration will break is when the person has to urinate, as this drug will make you urinate quite often.

The effects of this drug last only for fourteen hours, after that the drug will lose its effects, and the person’s energy level will plummet down to its normal. Until then, the person will experience the super-human energy for doing various tasks at hand and will subsist the quality for the said hours.

Why is the wonder drug used or prescribed?

Modafinil is consumed for treating excessive sleepiness, which is caused by narcolepsy. Narcolepsy is a condition which causes excessive sleepiness during the daytime. Furthermore, for shift work sleep disorder, which is a sleep disorder that is caused during various scheduled waking hours, that leads to difficulties in falling asleep or staying asleep during sleeping hours, this drug works as a miracle. This is most suitable for those who work at night. Modafinil is also used  with breathing devices or other forms of treatments, and is used to prevent excessive sleepiness caused by apnea/hypopnea syndrome. The syndrome OSAHS is a sleep disorder where the person  briefly stops breathing or breathes shallowly, many times during sleep and